Carl Sagan’s Baloney Detection Kit

Sage advice for all times, but especially *these* times!

Bound 4 Escape

  1. Wherever possible there must be independent confirmation of the “facts.”
  2. Encourage substantive debate on the evidence by knowledgeable proponents of all points of view.
  3. Arguments from authority carry little weight — “authorities” have made mistakes in the past. They will do so again in the future. Perhaps a better way to say it is that in science there are no authorities; at most, there are experts.
  4. Spin more than one hypothesis. If there’s something to be explained, think of all the different ways in which it could be explained. Then think of tests by which you might systematically disprove each of the alternatives. What survives, the hypothesis that resists disproof in this Darwinian selection among “multiple working hypotheses,” has a much better chance of being the right answer than if you had simply run with the first idea that caught your fancy.
  5. Try not to get overly attached to a…

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2 thoughts on “Carl Sagan’s Baloney Detection Kit

  1. A cosmic commie….I like it, Danny! I’d buy Sagan’s book for my human, but I see one called Bullsh*t Detector on her end table. My days are numbered…..

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